Eublepharis macularius (Leopard Gecko



  • They have perky personalities and are known to be very vocal,

         especially when they are hungry.

  • Beautiful patterns and coloring.


  • Leopard geckos may live 20 years or more in captivity.


  • May reach approximately 20 to 25cm in length, including their tails.

Leopard Gecko Behavior and Temperament

  • Leopard geckos are nocturnal, ground-dwelling geckos that are generally docile and easy to tame.

  • They do not have the sticky toe pads like other geckos, so they do not climb walls, they have eyelids.

  • They are not prone to biting and are usually slow-moving.

  • They can be housed together but keep an eye out for tail waving, this means they feel threatened and is about to attack. Separate them right away.

  • Leopard geckos also are tail rattlers, similar to rattlesnakes. This means your gecko is excited, with either eating or mating on its mind.

  • They can self-amputate their tails as a defense mechanism.

Cage setup

  • A 55 to 75 liter cage is large enough for two to three leopard geckos, but only one male per cage, and only keep males and females together if you would like to breed.

  • Half logs provide hiding and climbing space, as do commercial reptile caves.

  • A damp hide box can help with shedding.

  • They do not require special UVB lighting.

  • A regular white light incandescent heat bulb could be used to provide a basking spot during the day and a red heat bulb, blue/purple heat bulb, or ceramic heat emitter can be used to provide supplemental heat at night.

  • Undertank heating pads can be used, but they may make it difficult to properly regulate temperatures.

  • Never use hot rocks.

Temperature and Humidity

  • Daytime, 31 C with a thermal gradient down to about 24 C.

  • Gecko should not be exposed to any drafts.

  • Humidity, above 20%.


  • Paper is absorbent and easy to change, and indoor/outdoor carpet works well, too.

  • Avoid wood shavings, it can cut your gecko's tiny feet, the oils in the wood may also be irritating to them.

  • Make sure your substrate it is not being ingested along with your gecko's meals.

Food and Water

  • A shallow dish of water should be provided at all times.

  • The water will aid in humidity in the enclosure, and your gecko will drink from the bowl. You may even find a gecko soaking in its water.

  • A variety of crickets, waxworms, mealworms.

  • Insects must be gut loaded 24 hours prior to feeding.

  • Coat with a calcium/D3 supplement at every feeding for young lizards, every other feeding for adults.

Common Health Problems

  • Metabolic bone disease

  • Insufficient calcium and vitamin D.

  • It can cause painful spine and limb deformities.

  • Symptoms: Display a poor appetite and tremors.

  • Gastroenteritis

  • Bacterial infection.

  • Symptoms: Watery stools or its tail shrinks.

  • This condition is potentially fatal but can be treated if caught early.

  • Dysecdysis:

  • Undernourished or live in a cage with insufficient moisture

  • This condition, which looks like dry skin, causes difficulty shedding and can affect its vision.

  • Respiratory infections, including pneumonia

  • Wheezing or bubbles of mucus around its nasal passages and mouth.


All of these conditions should receive treatment from a veterinarian who specializes in reptiles.


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